Research and Development
Biofuels research is one of the most dynamic areas within biotechnology. As the well-established “First generation biofuels” compete with food production it is necessary to search for alternative feedstocks and new techniques.
Biofuel production often requires instruments capable of operating at or beyond the limits of traditional bioprocesses. This may include high temperatures, anaerobic conditions, and/or multi-step procedures. Conversion of complex structures such as lignocellulose typically requires a pre-treatment and enzyme-catalyzed degradation to simple sugars suitable as substrates for fermentation.