Next Generation Sequencing
DNA sequencing is a method to decipher the base sequence in nucleic acids. The elucidation of the DNA sequence is essential for the understanding of virtually all biological processes e.g. human disease biology, inheritance, immunology, oncology, cellular biology. First generation sequencing devices use the capillary electrophoresis-based Sanger sequencing technique. The invention of the Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technique massively improved the weaknesses of the 1st generation sequencing technique e.g. low throughput, scalability, speed, and resolution. NGS allows massive parallel sequencing which reduces the costs and increases the speed of DNA sequencing.